Journal article

Hygienisation, Gentrification, and Urban Displacement in Brazil

J Garmany, MA Richmond

Antipode | Wiley-Blackwell | Published : 2020


This article engages recent debates over gentrification and urban displacement in the global South. While researchers increasingly suggest that gentrification is becoming widespread in “Southern” cities, others argue that such analyses overlook important differences in empirical context and privilege EuroAmerican theoretical frameworks. To respond to this debate, in this article, we outline the concept of higienização (hygienisation), arguing that it captures important contextual factors missed by gentrification. Hygienisation is a Brazilian term that describes a particular form of urban displacement, and is directly informed by legacies of colonialism, racial and class stigma, informality, ..

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University of Melbourne Researchers


Awarded by Economic and Social Research Council (ESRC)

Awarded by National Science Foundation

Awarded by UK Academy

Awarded by FAPESP

Funding Acknowledgements

The authors wish to thank the editor and anonymous referees at Antipode for critical feedback on this article. We would also like to thank Rafael Almeida, John Burdick, Asher Ghertner, Thomas Maloutas, Moises Kopper, Jackie Garza, Valeria Cristina Oliveira and Josh Shake for their helpful comments and suggestions. This work also benefited from comments provided by students in the Department of Sociology at the Universidade Federal de SAo Carlos; the Contested Development Research Cluster in the Department of Geography at King's College London; the Centre of Latin American Studies at Cambridge University; the Anthropology and Development Studies research cluster at the University of Melbourne; and the paper session titled "Beyond gentrification? Considering new explanations of urban change", presented at the Association of American Geographers meeting in Boston, MA (2017). This research was made possible by support from the Economic and Social Research Council (ESRC) (ES/P007635/1); the National Science Foundation (1632145); the Newton Fund in partnership with FAPESP, CONFAP, and UK Academies (FAPESP: 2015/50474-4); an ESRC 1+3 PhD Studentship; and a FAPESP Postdoctoral grant (FAPESP: 2015/14480-0). This article was published OnlineOpen thanks to support from the School of Social and Political Sciences at the University of Melbourne.