Iodine status of non-pregnant women and availability of food vehicles for fortification with iodine in a remote community in Gulf province, Papua New Guinea
Janny M Goris, Victor J Temple, Joan Sumbis, Nienke Zomerdijk, Karen Codling
PLOS ONE | PUBLIC LIBRARY SCIENCE | Published : 2019
Adequate iodine status of women of childbearing age is essential for optimal growth and development of their offspring. The objectives of the current study were to assess the iodine status of non-pregnant women, availability and use of commercial salt, extent to which it is iodised, and availability of other industrially processed foods suitable for fortification with iodine. This prospective cross-sectional study was carried out in 2018 in a remote area in Gulf province, Papua New Guinea. Multistage cluster sampling was used to randomly select 300 women visiting local markets. Of these, 284 met study criteria of being non-pregnant and non-lactating. Single urine samples were collected from ..View full abstract
The findings and conclusions in this manuscript are those of the authors; they do not represent the official position of the institutions and authors' organisations. The authors declare no conflicts of interest. A small research grant was received from the Iodine Global Network for the fieldwork section of this project. The analyses of iodine in salt and urine were funded by and carried out in the Micronutrient Research Laboratory, School of Medicine and Health Sciences, University of Papua New Guinea.