Analysis of the in vitro replication phenotype of African hepatitis B virus (HBV) genotypes and subgenotypes present in Australia identifies marked differences in DNA and protein expression
E Bannister, V Sozzi, H Mason, S Locarnini, W Hardikar, PA Revill
VIROLOGY | ACADEMIC PRESS INC ELSEVIER SCIENCE | Published : 2020
Hepatitis B virus infection in Africa is characterised by distinct genotypes with observed differences in natural history and clinical outcomes. Replication-competent cDNA clones of African genotypes were generated from patient-derived sequences identified in African children with chronic hepatitis B infection living in Australia: A1 (wild-type and basal core promotor (BCP) mutant), D2, D6, and E, comparing the replication phenotype to an established D3 cDNA clone in a transient transfection cell culture model. All clones replicated efficiently although less than the European D3 reference clone, and demonstrated marked differences in replication capacity, highest for subgenotypes A1 and D2. ..View full abstract
Awarded by Royal Melbourne Hospital Keir Research Fellowship
E. G. B. received a Roche Pillar Young Investigator grant. P. A. R. received a Royal Melbourne Hospital Keir Research Fellowship (no. RF-003-2015).