Journal article

Cross-National Comparisons and Correlates of Harms From the Drinking of People With Whom You Work

Anne-Marie Laslett, Oliver Stanesby, Sharon Wilsnack, Robin Room, Thomas K Greenfield

ALCOHOLISM-CLINICAL AND EXPERIMENTAL RESEARCH | WILEY | Published : 2019

Abstract

BACKGROUND: While research in high-income countries (HICs) has established high costs associated with alcohol's harm to others (AHTO) in the workplace, scant attention has been paid to AHTO in the workplace in lower- or middle-income countries (LMICs). AIM: To compare estimates and predictors of alcohol's impacts upon coworkers among workers in 12 countries. METHODS: Cross-sectional surveys from 9,693 men and 8,606 women employed in Switzerland, Australia, the United States, Ireland, New Zealand, Chile, Nigeria, Lao PDR, Thailand, Vietnam, India, and Sri Lanka. Five questions were asked about harms in the past year because of coworkers' drinking: Had they (i) covered for another worker; (ii)..

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Grants

Awarded by NIAAA


Awarded by Australian National Health and Medical Research Council (NHMRC)


Awarded by U.S. National Institute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism/National Institutes of Health


Awarded by Australia (NHMRC)


Awarded by Australia (Australian Research Council)


Awarded by United States (National Institute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism/National Institutes of Health)


Funding Acknowledgements

The data used in this study are from the GENAHTO Project (Gender and Alcohol's Harm to Others), supported by NIAAA Grant No. R01 AA023870 (Alcohol's Harm to Others: Multinational Cultural Contexts and Policy Implications). GENAHTO is a collaborative international project affiliated with the Kettil Bruun Society for Social and Epidemiological Research on Alcohol and coordinated by research partners from the Alcohol Research Group/Public Health Institute (USA), University of North Dakota (USA), Aarhus University (Denmark), the Centre for Addiction and Mental Health (Canada), the Centre for Alcohol Policy Research at La Trobe University (Australia), and the Addiction Switzerland Research Institute (Switzerland). Support for aspects of the project has come from the World Health Organization (WHO), the Thai Health Promotion Foundation (THPF), the Australian National Health and Medical Research Council (NHMRC Grant No. 1065610), and the U.S. National Institute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism/National Institutes of Health (Grants R21 AA012941, R01 AA015775, R01 AA022791, R01 AA023870, and P50 AA005595). Support for individual country surveys was provided by government agencies and other national sources. National funds also contributed to collection of all of the data sets included in WHO projects. Study directors for the survey data sets used in this study have reviewed the study in terms of the project's objective and the accuracy and representation of their contributed data. The study directors and funding sources for data sets used in this report are as follows: Australia (Robin Room, Anne-Marie Laslett, Foundation for Alcohol Research and Education; NHMRC Grant 1090904; Australian Research Council Award DE190100329); Chile (Ramon Florenzano, THPF, WHO); India (Vivek Benegal and Girish Rao, THPF, WHO); Ireland (Ann Hope, Trinity College, Dublin); Lao PDR (Latsamy Siengsounthone, THPF, WHO); New Zealand (Sally Casswell and Taisia Huckle, Health Research Council of New Zealand); Nigeria (Isidore Obot and Akanidomo Ibanga, THPF, WHO); Sri Lanka (Siri Hettige, THPF, WHO); Switzerland (Gerhard Gmel and Sandra Kuntsche; Addiction Switzerland, Research Institute); Thailand (Orratai Waleewong and Jintana Janchotkaew, THPF, WHO); the United States (Thomas Greenfield and Katherine Karriker-Jaffe, National Institute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism/National Institutes of Health (Grant No. R01 AA022791)); and Vietnam (Hanh T.M. Hoang and Hanh T.M. Vu, THPF, WHO). Opinions are those of the authors and do not necessarily reflect those of the National Institute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism, the National Institutes of Health, the WHO, and other sponsoring institutions (GENAHTO survey information at https://genahto.org/abouttheproject/).