Effects of heat stress on animal physiology, metabolism, and meat quality: A review.
Paula A Gonzalez-Rivas, Surinder S Chauhan, Minh Ha, Narelle Fegan, Frank R Dunshea, Robyn D Warner
Meat Science | Elsevier BV | Published : 2020
Heat stress is one of the most stressful events in the life of livestock with harmful consequences for animal health, productivity and product quality. Ruminants, pigs and poultry are susceptible to heat stress due to their rapid metabolic rate and growth, high level of production, and species-specific characteristics such as rumen fermentation, sweating impairment, and skin insulation. Acute heat stress immediately before slaughter stimulates muscle glycogenolysis and can result in pale, soft and exudative (PSE) meat characterized by low water holding capacity (WHC). By contrast, animals subjected to chronic heat stress, have reduced muscle glycogen stores resulting in dark, firm and dry (D..View full abstract