Journal article

Early environment and long-term outcomes of preterm infants

Jeanie LY Cheong, Alice C Burnett, Karli Treyvaud, Alicia J Spittle

JOURNAL OF NEURAL TRANSMISSION | SPRINGER WIEN | Published : 2019

Abstract

Prematurity is associated with an increased risk of long-term health and neurodevelopmental problems. Key perinatal and neonatal factors that affect these outcomes have long been studied. However, more recently, there has been an appreciation of the importance of environmental factors in long-term outcomes of preterm babies, particularly in light of the rapid maturation of the brain during these babies' early days of life. Breastmilk and breastfeeding is the gold standard for infant feeding, including preterm babies. The benefits are well established in regard to protection from serious complications like necrotising enterocolitis. Although theoretically plausible, the benefits for neurodeve..

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