Journal article

Transition to substance use disorders: impulsivity for reward and learning from reward

Antoinette Poulton, Robert Hester

Social Cognitive and Affective Neuroscience | OXFORD UNIV PRESS | Published : 2020

Abstract

Substance dependence constitutes a profound societal burden. Although large numbers of individuals use licit or illicit substances, few transition to dependence. The specific factors influencing this transition are not well understood. Substance-dependent individuals tend to be swayed by the immediate rewards of drug taking, but are often insensitive to delayed negative consequences of their behavior. Dependence is consequently associated with impulsivity for reward and atypical learning from feedback. Behavioral impulsivity is indexed using tasks measuring spontaneous decision-making and capacity to control impulses. While evidence indicates drug taking exacerbates behavioral impulsivity fo..

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