Transition to substance use disorders: impulsivity for reward and learning from reward
Antoinette Poulton, Robert Hester
Social Cognitive and Affective Neuroscience | OXFORD UNIV PRESS | Published : 2020
Substance dependence constitutes a profound societal burden. Although large numbers of individuals use licit or illicit substances, few transition to dependence. The specific factors influencing this transition are not well understood. Substance-dependent individuals tend to be swayed by the immediate rewards of drug taking, but are often insensitive to delayed negative consequences of their behavior. Dependence is consequently associated with impulsivity for reward and atypical learning from feedback. Behavioral impulsivity is indexed using tasks measuring spontaneous decision-making and capacity to control impulses. While evidence indicates drug taking exacerbates behavioral impulsivity fo..View full abstract
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Awarded by Australian National Health and Medical Research Council
Awarded by Australian Research Council fellowship
This research was supported by an Australian National Health and Medical Research Council grant (1050766) and an Australian Research Council fellowship (FT110100088). The funding bodies had no role in writing the report or in the decision to submit the manuscript for publication.