SdrA, an NADP(H)-regenerating enzyme, is crucial for Coxiella burnetii to resist oxidative stress and replicate intracellularly.
Mebratu A Bitew, Janine Hofmann, David P De Souza, Nadeeka K Wawegama, Hayley J Newton, Fiona M Sansom
Cellular Microbiology | Wiley | Published : 2019
Coxiella burnetii, the causative agent of the zoonotic disease Q fever, is a Gram-negative bacterium that replicates inside macrophages within a highly oxidative vacuole. Screening of a transposon mutant library suggested that sdrA, which encodes a putative short chain dehydrogenase, is required for intracellular replication. Short chain dehydrogenases are NADP(H)-dependent oxidoreductases, and SdrA contains a predicted NADP+ binding site, suggesting it may facilitate NADP(H) regeneration by C. burnetii, a key process for surviving oxidative stress. Purified recombinant 6xHis-SdrA was able to convert NADP+ to NADP(H) in vitro. Mutation to alanine of a conserved glycine residue at position 12..View full abstract