Journal article

Bystander Activation of Pulmonary Trm Cells Attenuates the Severity of Bacterial Pneumonia by Enhancing Neutrophil Recruitment

Chenghao Ge, Ian R Monk, Angela Pizzolla, Nancy Wang, James G Bedford, Timothy P Stinear, Glen P Westall, Linda M Wakim

CELL REPORTS | CELL PRESS | Published : 2019

Abstract

Tissue-resident memory T (Trm) cells are described as having a "sensing and alarming" function, meaning they can rapidly release cytokines in response to local cognate antigen recognition, which in turn, draws circulating immune cells into the tissue. Here, we show noncognate, bystander activation can also trigger the sensing and alarming function of pulmonary CD8+ Trm cells. Virus-specific CD8+ Trm cells lodged in the lung parenchyma, but not memory CD8+ T cells located in the vasculature, rapidly synthesize interferon γ (IFN-γ) following the inhalation of heat-killed bacteria or bacterial products, a process driven by interleukin-12 (IL-12)/IL-18 exposure. We show that a respiratory bacter..

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