Journal article

Anti-inflammatory effects of a p38 MAP kinase inhibitor, doramapimod, against bacterial cell wall toxins in equine whole blood

Jennifer R Bauquier, Brett S Tennent-Brown, Elizabeth Tudor, Simon R Bailey

Veterinary Immunology and Immunopathology | ELSEVIER | Published : 2020

Abstract

Doramapimod (BIRB-796-BS), is an anti-inflammatory compound, acting through p38 MAPK inhibition, but its anti-inflammatory effects have not previously been studied in the horse. Whole blood aliquots from healthy horses diluted 1:1 with cell culture medium were incubated for 21 h with 1 μg/ml of lipopolysaccharide (LPS), lipoteichoic acid (LTA) or peptidoglycan (PGN) in the presence of increasing concentrations of doramapimod (3 × 10-8 M to 10-5 M). Cell bioassays were used to measure TNF-α and IL-1β activity. Doramapimod significantly and potently inhibited TNF-α and IL-1β activity induced by all three bacterial toxins. There was no significant difference in IC50 or maximum inhibition of TNF..

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