Journal article

Association Between Immune-Related Adverse Events and Recurrence-Free Survival Among Patients With Stage III Melanoma Randomized to Receive Pembrolizumab or Placebo A Secondary Analysis of a Randomized Clinical Trial

Alexander MM Eggermont, Michal Kicinski, Christian U Blank, Mario Mandala, Georgina V Long, Victoria Atkinson, Stephane Dalle, Andrew Haydon, Adnan Khattak, Matteo S Carlino, Shahneen Sandhu, James Larkin, Susana Puig, Paolo A Ascierto, Piotr Rutkowski, Dirk Schadendorf, Rutger Koornstra, Leonel Hernandez-Aya, Anna Maria Di Giacomo, Alfonsus JM van den Eertwegh Show all

JAMA Oncology | AMER MEDICAL ASSOC | Published : 2020

Abstract

Importance: Whether immune-related adverse events (irAEs) indicate drug activity in patients treated with immune checkpoint inhibitors remains unknown. Objective: To investigate the association between irAEs and recurrence-free survival (RFS) in the double-blind EORTC 1325/KEYNOTE-054 clinical trial comparing pembrolizumab therapy and placebo for the treatment of patients with high-risk stage III melanoma. Design, Setting, and Participants: A total of 1019 adults with stage III melanoma were randomly assigned on a 1:1 ratio to receive treatment with pembrolizumab therapy or placebo. Eligible patients were adults 18 years and older with complete resection of cutaneous melanoma metastatic to l..

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