In vivo structure of the Legionella type II secretion system by electron cryotomography.
Debnath Ghosal, Ki Woo Kim, Huaixin Zheng, Mohammed Kaplan, Hilary K Truchan, Alberto E Lopez, Ian E McIntire, Joseph P Vogel, Nicholas P Cianciotto, Grant J Jensen
Nature Microbiology | Published : 2019
The type II secretion system (T2SS) is a multiprotein envelope-spanning assembly that translocates a wide range of virulence factors, enzymes and effectors through the outer membrane of many Gram-negative bacteria1-3. Here, using electron cryotomography and subtomogram averaging methods, we reveal the in vivo structure of an intact T2SS imaged within the human pathogen Legionella pneumophila. Although the T2SS has only limited sequence and component homology with the evolutionarily related type IV pilus (T4P) system4,5, we show that their overall architectures are remarkably similar. Despite similarities, there are also differences, including, for example, that the T2SS-ATPase complex is usu..View full abstract