Journal article

Evaluation of negation phrases in narrative clinical reports

WW Chapman, W Bridewell, P Hanbury, GF Cooper, BG Buchanan

Proceedings / AMIA ... Annual Symposium. AMIA Symposium | OXFORD UNIV PRESS | Published : 2001

Abstract

OBJECTIVE: Automatically identifying findings or diseases described in clinical textual reports requires determining whether clinical observations are present or absent. We evaluate the use of negation phrases and the frequency of negation in free-text clinical reports. METHODS: A simple negation algorithm was applied to ten types of clinical reports (n=42,160) dictated during July 2000. We counted how often each of 66 negation phrases was used to mark a clinical observation as absent. Physicians read a random sample of 400 sentences, and precision was calculated for the negation phrases. We measured what proportion of clinical observations were marked as absent. RESULTS: The negation algori..

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