Journal article

Microglial polarization in posttraumatic epilepsy: Potential mechanism and treatment opportunity

Peravina Therajaran, John A Hamilton, Terence J O'Brien, Nigel C Jones, Idrish Ali

Epilepsia | WILEY | Published : 2020

Abstract

Owing to the complexity of the pathophysiological mechanisms driving epileptogenesis following traumatic brain injury (TBI), effective preventive treatment approaches are not yet available for posttraumatic epilepsy (PTE). Neuroinflammation appears to play a critical role in the pathogenesis of the acquired epilepsies, including PTE, but despite a large preclinical literature demonstrating the ability of anti-inflammatory treatments to suppress epileptogenesis and chronic seizures, no anti-inflammatory treatment approaches have been clinically proven to date. TBI triggers robust inflammatory cascades, suggesting that they may be relevant for the pathogenesis of PTE. A major cell type involve..

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