Journal article

Assessing the quality of cause of death data in six high-income countries: Australia, Canada, Denmark, Germany, Japan and Switzerland

Lene Mikkelsen, Kim Moesgaard Iburg, Tim Adair, Thomas Furst, Michael Hegnauer, Elena von der Lippe, Lauren Moran, Shuhei Nomura, Haruka Sakamoto, Kenji Shibuya, Annelene Wengler, Stephanie Willbond, Patricia Wood, Alan D Lopez

International Journal of Public Health | SPRINGER BASEL AG | Published : 2020

Abstract

OBJECTIVES: To assess the policy utility of national cause of death (COD) data of six high-income countries with highly developed health information systems. METHODS: National COD data sets from Australia, Canada, Denmark, Germany, Japan and Switzerland for 2015 or 2016 were assessed by applying the ANACONDA software tool. Levels, patterns and distributions of unusable and insufficiently specified "garbage" codes were analysed. RESULTS: The average proportion of unusable COD was 18% across the six countries, ranging from 14% in Australia and Canada to 25% in Japan. Insufficiently specified codes accounted for a further 8% of deaths, on average, varying from 6% in Switzerland to 11% in Japan...

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