Journal article

Observed Relationships Between Sudden Stratospheric Warmings and European Climate Extremes

AD King, AH Butler, M Jucker, NO Earl, I Rudeva

Journal of Geophysical Research: Atmospheres | Published : 2019

Abstract

Sudden stratospheric warmings (SSWs) have been linked with anomalously cold temperatures at the surface in the middle to high latitudes of the Northern Hemisphere as climatological westerly winds in the stratosphere tend to weaken and turn easterly. However, previous studies have largely relied on reanalyses and model simulations to infer the role of SSWs on surface climate and SSW relationships with extremes have not been fully analyzed. Here, we use observed daily gridded temperature and precipitation data over Europe to comprehensively examine the response of climate extremes to the occurrence of SSWs. We show that for much of Scandinavia, winters with SSWs are on average at least 1 °C co..

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