Journal article

Civil society in Pakistan: an exclusive discourse of projectization

Nadeem Malik, Ahsan Rana

Dialectical Anthropology | Springer Nature | Published : 2020


This article analyzes the discourse of civil society in its actual manifestation at the societal level. In the West, civil society developed with the rise of capitalism. In a non-Western setting such as Pakistan, characterized as semi-feudal, semi-industrial, and with noncapitalist social relations still prevalent in rural and tribal areas, civil society has gained currency through the discourse of foreign-funded “NGO projectization.” Through an ethnographic account of community mobilization by seven national-level NGOs, it is demonstrated that imported concepts introduced by the development industry through projects have, at times, turned civil society into an exclusive discourse of “projec..

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University of Melbourne Researchers

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