Journal article

A BIOLOGICAL PRICE OF ANTIBIOTIC-RESISTANCE - MAJOR CHANGES IN THE PEPTIDOGLYCAN STRUCTURE OF PENICILLIN-RESISTANT PNEUMOCOCCI

J GARCIABUSTOS, A TOMASZ

Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences | NATL ACAD SCIENCES | Published : 1990

Abstract

Pneumococcal strains with greatly elevated levels of resistance to penicillin have by now been described with increasing frequency worldwide. The mechanism of antibiotic resistance in these strains involves the molecular remodeling of cell wall synthetic enzymes (penicillin binding proteins). We have now analyzed the peptidoglycan structures of 10 penicillin-susceptible and 10 penicillin-resistant clinical isolates (4 of intermediate and 6 of high level resistance) with a high-resolution HPLC technique. Cell wall peptidoglycan of the susceptible strains contained monomeric and oligomeric forms of primarily (70% or more) linear stem peptides with the sequence of L-Ala-D-iGln-L-Lys-D-Ala (wher..

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