Journal article

A global analysis of urban design types and road transport injury: an image processing study.

Jason Thompson, Mark Stevenson, Jasper S Wijnands, Kerry A Nice, Gideon Dpa Aschwanden, Jeremy Silver, Mark Nieuwenhuijsen, Peter Rayner, Robyn Schofield, Rohit Hariharan, Christopher N Morrison

Lancet Planetary Health | Elsevier | Published : 2020

Abstract

BACKGROUND: Death and injury due to motor vehicle crashes is the world's fifth leading cause of mortality and morbidity. City and urban designs might play a role in mitigating the global burden of road transport injury to an extent that has not been captured by traditional safe system approaches. We aimed to determine the relationship between urban design and road trauma across the globe. METHODS: Applying a combined convolutional neural network and graph-based approach, 1692 cities capturing one third of the world's population were classified into types based on urban design characteristics represented in sample maps. Associations between identified city types, characteristics contained w..

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Grants

Awarded by Australian Research Council


Awarded by National Health and Medical Research Council (Australia) Fellowship


Awarded by US National Institute of Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism


Funding Acknowledgements

JT is supported by an Australian Research Council Discovery Early Career Research Award (grant number DE180101411). MS is supported by a National Health and Medical Research Council (Australia) Fellowship (grant number APP1136250). CNM receives support from the US National Institute of Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism (K01AA026327). RS is supported by an Australian Research Council discovery DP160101598 grant, centre of excellence CE170100023 scheme, and the National Environment Science Program Clean Air and Urban Landscape hub.