Journal article

Assimilation of Low-Peaking Satellite Observations Using the Coupled Interface Framework

Sergey Frolov, William Campbell, Benjamin Ruston, Craig H Bishop, David Kuhl, Maria Flatau, Justin McLay

MONTHLY WEATHER REVIEW | AMER METEOROLOGICAL SOC | Published : 2020

Abstract

Coupled data assimilation (DA) provides a consistent framework for assimilating satellite observations that are sensitive to several components of the Earth system. In this paper, we focus on low-peaking infrared satellite channels that are sensitive to the lower atmosphere and Earth surface temperature (EST) over both ocean and land. Our atmospheric hybrid-4DVAR system [the Navy Global Environmental Model (NAVGEM)] is extended to include the following: 1) variability in the sea surface temperature (both diurnal variability and climatological perturbations to the ensemble members), 2) the coupled Jacobians of the radiative transfer model for the infrared sensors, and 3) the coupled covarianc..

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Grants

Awarded by U.S. Office of Naval Research through the Navy Earth Systems Prediction Capability Project


Funding Acknowledgements

This work was supported by the U.S. Office of Naval Research through the Navy Earth Systems Prediction Capability Project (PE 0603207N). We are grateful for the access to the Department of Defense high performance computing resources that enabled us to conduct this research. We also thank three anonymous reviewers for the most thorough review of our manuscript.