Journal article

The origins of tropical marine biodiversity.

Brian W Bowen, Luiz A Rocha, Robert J Toonen, Stephen A Karl, undefined ToBo Laboratory

Trends in Ecology & Evolution | Published : 2013

Abstract

Recent phylogeographic studies have overturned three paradigms for the origins of marine biodiversity. (i) Physical (allopatric) isolation is not the sole avenue for marine speciation: many species diverge along ecological boundaries. (ii) Peripheral habitats such as oceanic archipelagos are not evolutionary graveyards: these regions can export biodiversity. (iii) Speciation in marine and terrestrial ecosystems follow similar processes but are not the same: opportunities for allopatric isolation are fewer in the oceans, leaving greater opportunity for speciation along ecological boundaries. Biodiversity hotspots such as the Caribbean Sea and the Indo-Pacific Coral Triangle produce and export..

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University of Melbourne Researchers