Journal article

Comparison of posterior-stabilized, cruciate-retaining, and medial-stabilized knee implant motion during gait.

Hans A Gray, Shanyuanye Guan, Tony J Young, Michelle M Dowsey, Peter F Choong, Marcus G Pandy

Journal of Orthopaedic Research | Wiley | Published : 2020

Abstract

Accurate knowledge of knee joint motion is needed to evaluate the effects of implant design on functional performance and component wear. We conducted a randomized controlled trial to measure and compare 6-degree-of-freedom (6-DOF) kinematics and femoral condylar motion of posterior-stabilized (PS), cruciate-retaining (CR), and medial-stabilized (MS) knee implant designs for one cycle of walking. A mobile biplane X-ray imaging system was used to accurately measure 6-DOF tibiofemoral motion as patients implanted with PS (n = 23), CR (n = 25), or MS (n = 26) knees walked over ground at their self-selected speeds. Knee flexion angle did not differ significantly between the three designs. Relati..

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