Heatwaves cause fluctuations in wMel Wolbachia densities and frequencies in Aedes aegypti
Perran A Ross, Jason K Axford, Qiong Yang, Kyran M Staunton, Scott A Ritchie, Kelly M Richardson, Ary A Hoffmann
PLOS NEGLECTED TROPICAL DISEASES | PUBLIC LIBRARY SCIENCE | Published : 2020
Aedes aegypti mosquitoes infected with the wMel strain of Wolbachia are being released into natural mosquito populations in the tropics as a way of reducing dengue transmission. High temperatures adversely affect wMel, reducing Wolbachia density and cytoplasmic incompatibility in some larval habitats that experience large temperature fluctuations. We monitored the impact of a 43.6°C heatwave on the wMel infection in a natural population in Cairns, Australia, where wMel was first released in 2011 and has persisted at a high frequency. Wolbachia infection frequencies in the month following the heatwave were reduced to 83% in larvae sampled directly from field habitats and 88% in eggs collected..View full abstract
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Awarded by National Health and Medical Research Council
AAH was supported by the National Health and Medical Research Council (1132412, 1118640, www.nhmrc.gov.au).The funders had no role in study design, data collection and analysis, decision to publish, or preparation of the manuscript.