Journal article

Factors associated with damage accrual in patients with systemic lupus erythematosus with no clinical or serological disease activity: a multicentre cohort study

D Apostolopoulos, R Kandane-Rathnayake, W Louthrenoo, SF Luo, YJ Wu, A Lateef, V Golder, S Sockalingam, S Navarra, L Zamora, L Hamijoyo, Y Katsumata, M Harigai, M Chan, S O'Neill, F Goldblatt, CS Lau, ZG Li, A Hoi, M Nikpour Show all

The Lancet Rheumatology | Published : 2020


Background: Evaluating the contribution of glucocorticoid use to organ damage in systemic lupus erythematosus is confounded by glucocorticoid use in active disease. We sought to determine the independence of the contribution of glucocorticoid use to damage accrual from associations with disease activity by analysing patients without measurable disease activity. Methods: Patients (age >18 years) who met the criteria for systemic lupus erythematosus were recruited from 13 centres in Australia, Indonesia, Japan, Malaysia, the Philippines, Singapore, Taiwan, and Thailand, and followed longitudinally. Disease activity (Systemic Lupus Erythematosus Disease Activity Index 2000 [SLEDAI-2K] and Physi..

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