Journal article

The causal effect of education on chronic health conditions in the UK

Katharina Janke, David W Johnston, Carol Propper, Michael A Shields

Journal of Health Economics | Elsevier | Published : 2020


We study the causal impact of education on chronic health conditions by exploitng two UK education policy reforms. The first reform raised the minimum school leaving age in 1972 and affected the lower end of the educational attainment distribution. The second reform is a combination of several policy changes that affected the broader educational attainment distribution in the early 1990s. Results are consistent across both reforms: an extra year of schooling has no statistically identifiable impact on the prevalence of most chronic health conditions. The exception is that both reforms led to a statistically significant reduction in the probability of having diabetes, and this result is robus..

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