Journal article

Special considerations in the premature and ex-premature infant

Geoff Frawley

ANAESTHESIA AND INTENSIVE CARE MEDICINE | ELSEVIER | Published : 2020

Abstract

Advances in neonatal medicine have progressively increased the survival of premature infants. Increased survival has, however, come at the cost of increased number of infants with prematurity related complications. This is represented by high rates of respiratory distress syndrome, bronchopulmonary dysplasia, necrotising enterocolitis, sepsis, periventricular leukomalacia, intraventricular haemorrhage, cerebral palsy, hypoxic ischaemic encephalopathy and visual and hearing problems in survivors. In addition to prolonged hospital stay after birth, readmission to hospital in the first year of life is common if chronic lung disease exists. Individual congenital conditions requiring surgical int..

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