Single-cell RNA-seq reveals dynamic, random monoallelic gene expression in mammalian cells.
Qiaolin Deng, Daniel Ramsköld, Björn Reinius, Rickard Sandberg
Science | Published : 2014
Expression from both alleles is generally observed in analyses of diploid cell populations, but studies addressing allelic expression patterns genome-wide in single cells are lacking. Here, we present global analyses of allelic expression across individual cells of mouse preimplantation embryos of mixed background (CAST/EiJ × C57BL/6J). We discovered abundant (12 to 24%) monoallelic expression of autosomal genes and that expression of the two alleles occurs independently. The monoallelic expression appeared random and dynamic because there was considerable variation among closely related embryonic cells. Similar patterns of monoallelic expression were observed in mature cells. Our allelic ex..View full abstract