Long-term Risk of Heart Failure and Myocardial Dysfunction After Thoracic Radiotherapy: A Systematic Review
Mark T Nolan, David J Russell, Thomas H Marwick
CANADIAN JOURNAL OF CARDIOLOGY | ELSEVIER SCIENCE INC | Published : 2016
BACKGROUND: Chest irradiation is a commonly used treatment for malignancy, with demonstrated symptomatic and survival benefit. The frequency and presentation of cardiovascular complications of radiotherapy remains unclear. METHODS: We performed a systematic review to evaluate the prevalence and manifestations of myocardial dysfunction (asymptomatic and symptomatic) in long-term cancer survivors treated with radiotherapy. RESULTS: Thoracic radiotherapy is associated with increased risk of heart failure in long-term follow-up, with hazard ratios ranging from 2.7 to 7.4 for Hodgkin lymphoma, and 1.5-2.4 for breast cancer. Although ejection fraction is often normal, systolic dysfunction has been..View full abstract
Funded in part by a Health Professional scholarship from the Heart Foundation Australia.