Journal article

Interaction and Prognostic Effects of Left Ventricular Diastolic Dysfunction and Patient-Prosthesis Mismatch as Determinants of Outcome After Isolated Aortic Valve Replacement

Joseph Brown, Pallav Shah, Tony Stanton, Thomas H Marwick

AMERICAN JOURNAL OF CARDIOLOGY | EXCERPTA MEDICA INC-ELSEVIER SCIENCE INC | Published : 2009

Abstract

There are variable reported effects of patient-prosthesis mismatch (P-PM) on outcome. It was hypothesized that the adverse effect attributed to P-PM is actually due to left ventricular diastolic dysfunction (DD) in patients with small hearts. The aim of this study was therefore to determine the association among P-PM, DD, and outcomes. Doppler echocardiography was performed in 156 patients after aortic valve replacement. In vivo effective orifice areas for each prosthesis type and size were obtained from published references values of normally functioning prostheses. P-PM was identified from the predicted indexed orifice area, obtained by dividing the effective orifice area by body surface a..

View full abstract