Journal article

The epidemiology of overfeeding in mechanically ventilated intensive care patients

Aiko Tanaka, Kate Hamilton, Glenn M Eastwood, Daryl Jones, Rinaldo Bellomo

Clinical Nutrition ESPEN | ELSEVIER | Published : 2020

Abstract

BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Nutrition research in the Intensive Care Unit (ICU) typically focusses on the epidemiology of underfeeding, particularly early in the ICU admission. Once the acute phase of critical illness has resolved, patients may be at risk of overfeeding. We assessed for the frequency and consequences of potential overfeeding in ICU patients mechanically ventilated (MV) for at least 10 days. METHODS: Retrospective analysis of 105 MV patients including caloric input, estimated caloric requirements using the Schofield equation, and association between caloric input and several pre-defined clinical outcomes. To increase likelihood of detecting overfeeding, we conducted a post-hoc sensi..

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