Journal article

Treatment initiation decisions in newly diagnosed epilepsy-A longitudinal cohort study

Sameer Sharma, Zhibin Chen, Maria Rychkova, John Dunne, Judy Lee, Linda Kalilani, Nicholas Lawn, Patrick Kwan

Epilepsia | WILEY | Published : 2020

Abstract

OBJECTIVE: To examine the factors and reasons influencing treatment initiation decisions in patients with newly diagnosed epilepsy. METHODS: We assessed antiseizure medication initiation decisions in adults with newly diagnosed epilepsy seen at first seizure clinics in Western Australia between 1999 and 2016 and followed to 2018. RESULTS: Of 610 patients (median age 40 years, 61.0% male), 426 (69.8%) were diagnosed after two or more seizures and 184 (30.2%) after a single seizure with risk factors for recurrence. Treatment was commenced in 427 patients (70.0%) at diagnosis, 112 (18.4%) during follow-up, mostly after further seizures, whereas 71 (11.6%) remained untreated at last follow-up. E..

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