Journal article

Neuro-Ophthalmic Manifestations of HIV Infection

Lynn K Gordon, Helen Danesh-Meyer

OCULAR IMMUNOLOGY AND INFLAMMATION | TAYLOR & FRANCIS INC | Published : 2020

Abstract

Purpose: To review the broad spectrum of clinical neuro-ophthalmic presentations associated with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection. Methods: Critical review of the literature regarding neuro-ophthalmic consequences of HIV infection and its sequelae. Results: Neuro-ophthalmological diseases are common in both asymptomatic HIV-positive patients and those who profound immunosuppression with acquired immune deficiency syndrome (AIDS). Neuro-ophthalmic manifestations of HIV infection can involve the afferent or efferent visual pathway. Common clinical presentations include headache, papilledema, chorioretinitis, optic nerve involvement, meningitis, and cranial nerve palsies. Other neur..

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