Neuro-Ophthalmic Manifestations of HIV Infection
Lynn K Gordon, Helen Danesh-Meyer
OCULAR IMMUNOLOGY AND INFLAMMATION | TAYLOR & FRANCIS INC | Published : 2020
Purpose: To review the broad spectrum of clinical neuro-ophthalmic presentations associated with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection. Methods: Critical review of the literature regarding neuro-ophthalmic consequences of HIV infection and its sequelae. Results: Neuro-ophthalmological diseases are common in both asymptomatic HIV-positive patients and those who profound immunosuppression with acquired immune deficiency syndrome (AIDS). Neuro-ophthalmic manifestations of HIV infection can involve the afferent or efferent visual pathway. Common clinical presentations include headache, papilledema, chorioretinitis, optic nerve involvement, meningitis, and cranial nerve palsies. Other neur..View full abstract
This work was supported by the Research to Prevent Blindness [Unrestricted grant to the Stein Eye Institute].