Journal article

Annual transition probabilities of overweight and obesity in older adults: Evidence from World Health Organization Study on global AGEing and adult health

Stella T Lartey, Lei Si, Petr Otahal, Barbara de Graaff, Godfred O Boateng, Richard Berko Biritwum, Nadia Minicuci, Paul Kowal, Costan G Magnussen, Andrew J Palmer

Social Science & Medicine | PERGAMON-ELSEVIER SCIENCE LTD | Published : 2020

Abstract

Overweight/obesity is becoming increasingly prevalent in sub-Saharan Africa including Ghana. However, transition probabilities, an essential component to develop cost-effective measures for weight management is lacking in this population. We estimated annual transition probabilities between three body mass index (BMI) categories: normal weight (BMI ≥18.5 and <25.0 kg/m2), overweight (BMI ≥25.0 and <30.0 kg/m2), and obesity (BMI ≥30.0 kg/m2), among older adults aged ≥50 years in Ghana. Data were used from a nationally representative, multistage sample of 1496 (44.3% females) older adults in both Waves 1 (2007/8) and 2 (2014/15) of the Ghana WHO SAGE. A multistage Markov model was used to esti..

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