Interleukin-17A Serves a Priming Role in Autoimmunity by Recruiting IL-1β-Producing Myeloid Cells that Promote Pathogenic T Cells.
Aoife M McGinley, Caroline E Sutton, Sarah C Edwards, Charlotte M Leane, Joseph DeCourcey, Ana Teijeiro, John A Hamilton, Louis Boon, Nabil Djouder, Kingston HG Mills
Immunity | Published : 2020
Interleukin-17A (IL-17A) is a major mediator of tissue inflammation in many autoimmune diseases. Anti-IL-17A is an effective treatment for psoriasis and is showing promise in clinical trials in multiple sclerosis. In this study, we find that IL-17A-defective mice or mice treated with anti-IL-17A at induction of experimental autoimmune encephalomyelitis (EAE) are resistant to disease and have defective priming of IL-17-secreting γδ T (γδT17) cells and Th17 cells. However, T cells from Il17a-/- mice induce EAE in wild-type mice following in vitro culture with autoantigen, IL-1β, and IL-23. Furthermore, treatment with IL-1β or IL-17A at induction of EAE restores disease in Il17a-/- mice. Import..View full abstract