Journal article

Contrast-enhanced sonographic appearances of two primary hepatic epithelioid angiomyolipomas

Victor Chai, Adrian Fox, Lynn Chong, Eloise House, Tom Sutherland

Journal of Clinical Ultrasound | WILEY | Published : 2020


Epithelioid hepatic angiomyolipoma (Epi-HAML) is a rare hepatic tumor frequently misdiagnosed as hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). Unlike conventional angiomyolipoma (AML), Epi-HAML contains minimal amount of adipose tissue, which is a radiological distinguishing feature between AML and HCC. Two patients were referred for management of incidentally found hepatic lesions confirmed to be Epi-HAML on post-resection tissue analysis. CT and MRI findings were suggestive of HCC. Contrast-enhanced ultrasound demonstrated intratumoral shunting, a feeding artery, and early draining hepatic vein. These findings should alert radiologists to the possibility of Epi-HAML. Furthermore, these features may be b..

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