Journal article

A comparison of methods for health policy evaluation with controlled pre-post designs

Stephen O'Neill, Noemi Kreif, Matt Sutton, Richard Grieve

Health Services Research | Wiley | Published : 2020

Abstract

Objective To compare interactive fixed effects (IFE) and generalized synthetic control (GSC) methods to methods prevalent in health policy evaluation and re‐evaluate the impact of the hip fracture best practice tariffs introduced for hospitals in England in 2010. Data Sources Simulations and Hospital Episode Statistics. Study Design Best practice tariffs aimed to incentivize providers to deliver care in line with guidelines. Under the scheme, 62 providers received an additional payment for each hip fracture admission, while 49 providers did not. We estimate the impact using difference‐in‐differences (DiD), synthetic control (SC), IFE, and GSC methods. We contrast the estimation methods' pe..

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