Dynamic change in natural killer cell type in the human ocular mucosa in situ as means of immune evasion by adenovirus infection.
N Yawata, KJ Selva, Y-C Liu, KP Tan, AWL Lee, J Siak, W Lan, M Vania, A Arundhati, L Tong, J Li, JS Mehta, M Yawata
Mucosal Immunology | Springer Science and Business Media LLC | Published : 2016
The most severe form of virus-induced inflammation at the ocular surface is epidemic keratoconjunctivitis (EKC), often caused by group D human adenoviruses (HAdVs). We investigated the dynamics and mechanisms of changes in natural killer (NK) cell types in the human ocular mucosal surface in situ over the course of infection. In the acute phase of infection, the mature CD56(dim)NK cells that comprise a major subpopulation in the normal human conjunctiva are replaced by CD56(bright)NK cells recruited to the ocular surface by chemokines produced by the infected epithelium, and NKG2A-expressing CD56(dim) and CD56(bright) NK cells become the major subpopulations in severe inflammation. These NK ..View full abstract