Journal article

THE ORIGIN OF FLORAL LAGERSTATTEN IN COALS

Vera A Korasidis, Malcolm W Wallace, Anne-Marie P Tosolini, Robert S Hill

Palaios | SEPM-SOC SEDIMENTARY GEOLOGY | Published : 2020

Abstract

Floral Lagerstätten deposits (i.e., fossil sites with exceptional preservation and diversity) are preserved within the Miocene brown coals of the Latrobe Group, Gippsland Basin, Australia. Three independent mechanisms are conducive to their accumulation. Throughout the coal seams the conversion of plant material into charcoal (fusain) and its accumulation in a subaqueous setting provides one means of near-perfect preservation. A second and more uncommon example occurs in the form of a 20 cm thick leaf-litter horizon that extends for over two kilometers. In this case, flooding of freshwater tributaries and lakes during the early stages of low-gradient peat development resulted in an extensive..

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