Journal article

Aortic Calcification and Arterial Stiffness Burden in a Chronic Kidney Disease Cohort with High Cardiovascular Risk: Baseline Characteristics of the Impact of Phosphate Reduction On Vascular End-Points in Chronic Kidney Disease Trial

Nicole M Lioufas, Eugenia Pedagogos, Carmel M Hawley, Elaine M Pascoe, Grahame J Elder, Sunil Badve, Andrea Valks, Nigel D Toussaint

American Journal of Nephrology | KARGER | Published : 2020


Chronic kidney disease (CKD) is associated with excess cardiovascular morbidity and mortality compared to the general population. Hyperphosphataemia, associated with vascular calcification and arterial stiffness, may play a key role in the pathogenesis of cardiovascular disease (CVD) associated with CKD, although phosphate reduction strategies have not consistently proven to beneficially affect clinically relevant outcomes. The IMpact of Phosphate Reduction On Vascular End-points in CKD (IMPROVE-CKD) study is an international, multi-centre, randomized, placebo-controlled trial investigating the effect of the phosphate binder lanthanum carbonate on intermediate cardiovascular markers in patie..

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