Journal article

Cognition, Brain Atrophy, and Cerebrospinal Fluid Biomarkers Changes from Preclinical to Dementia Stage of Alzheimer's Disease and the Influence of Apolipoprotein E

Thomas Adi Kurnia Susanto, Emmanuel Peng Kiat Pua, Juan Zhou

Journal of Alzheimer's Disease | IOS PRESS | Published : 2015


BACKGROUND: Knowledge of Alzheimer's disease (AD) manifestation in the pre-dementia stage facilitates the selection of appropriate measures for early detection and disease progression. OBJECTIVE: To examine the trajectories of cognitive performance, gray matter volume (GMV), and cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) biomarkers, together with the influence of apolipoprotein E (APOE) in subjects with amyloid-β (Aβ) deposits across the pre-clinical to dementia stages of AD. METHODS: 356 subjects were dichotomized into Aβ+ and Aβ- groups based on their CSF Aβ1-42 level. We derived AD-related atrophic regions (AD-ROIs) using the voxel-based morphometry approach. We characterized the trajectories of cognitive..

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University of Melbourne Researchers


Awarded by Biomedical Research Council, Singapore

Awarded by Alzheimer's Disease Neuroimaging Initiative (ADNI) (National Institutes of Health Grant)

Awarded by DOD ADNI (Department of Defense award)

Funding Acknowledgements

This research was supported by Biomedical Research Council, Singapore (13/1/96/19/687) and Duke-NUS Graduate Medical School, Singapore. Authors' disclosures available online ( collection and sharing for this project was funded by the Alzheimer's Disease Neuroimaging Initiative (ADNI) (National Institutes of Health Grant U01 AG024904) and DOD ADNI (Department of Defense award number W81XWH-12-2-0012). ADNI is funded by the National Institute on Aging, the National Institute of Biomedical Imaging and Bioengineering, and through generous contributions from the following: Alzheimer's Association; Alzheimer's Drug Discovery Foundation; BioClinica, Inc.; Biogen Idec Inc.; Bristol-Myers Squibb Company; Eisai Inc.; Elan Pharmaceuticals, Inc.; Eli Lilly and Company; F. Hoffmann-La Roche Ltd and its affiliated company Genentech, Inc.; GE Healthcare; Innogenetics, N.V.; IXICO Ltd.; Janssen Alzheimer Immunotherapy Research & Development, LLC.; Johnson & Johnson Pharmaceutical Research & Development LLC.; Medpace, Inc.; Merck & Co., Inc.; Meso Scale Diagnostics, LLC.; NeuroRx Research; Novartis Pharmaceuticals Corporation; Pfizer Inc.; Piramal Imaging; Servier; Synarc Inc.; and Takeda Pharmaceutical Company. The Canadian Institutes of Health Research is providing funds to support ADNI clinical sites in Canada. Private sector contributions are facilitated by the Foundation for the National Institutes of Health ( The grantee organization is the Northern California Institute for Research and Education, and the study is coordinated by the Alzheimer's Disease Cooperative Study at the University of California, San Diego. ADNI data are disseminated by the Laboratory for Neuro Imaging at the University of Southern California.