Journal article

Does process matter? Experimental evidence on the effect of procedural fairness on citizens' evaluations of policy outcomes

Aaron Martin, Gosia Mikolajczak, Raymond Orr

International Political Science Review | SAGE PUBLICATIONS LTD | Published : 2020


One of the key factors distinguishing democracies from non-democracies is the process by which political decisions are made. Central to democratic thought is the idea that policy made in a procedurally fair manner is more legitimate than policy that violates central tenets of procedural fairness. A large number of studies from social psychology show that procedural fairness matters in citizens’ evaluations of the success and legitimacy of various outcomes. Despite this observation, most political science literature focuses on the outcomes rather than the process of policy-making. Using survey experiments we find that procedural arrangements are an important factor in citizens’ judgement of p..

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Awarded by Australian Research Council (Understanding the Causes of Political Trust)

Funding Acknowledgements

The author(s) disclosed receipt of the following financial support for the research, authorship, and/or publication of this article: This research was supported by a grant from the Australian Research Council (Understanding the Causes of Political Trust, DE160100603) and support from the Chancellery and the Policy Lab, University of Melbourne.