Journal article

The Surgeon's Role in the Opioid Crisis: A Narrative Review and Call to Action

Cade Shadbolt, J Haxby Abbott, Ximena Camacho, Philip Clarke, L Stefan Lohmander, Tim Spelman, Eric C Sun, Jonas B Thorlund, Yuting Zhang, Michelle M Dowsey, Peter FM Choong

Frontiers in Surgery | Frontiers Media SA | Published : 2020

Abstract

Over the past two decades, there has been a sharp rise in the use of prescription opioids. In several countries, most notably the United States, opioid-related harm has been deemed a public health crisis. As surgeons are among the most prolific prescribers of opioids, growing attention is now being paid to the role that opioids play in surgical care. While opioids may sometimes be necessary to provide patients with adequate relief from acute pain after major surgery, the impact of opioids on the quality and safety of surgical care calls for greater scrutiny. This narrative review summarizes the available evidence on rates of persistent postsurgical opioid use and highlights the need to targe..

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