Journal article

The effects of playing music on mental health outcomes

Laura W Wesseldijk, Fredrik Ullen, Miriam A Mosing



The association between active musical engagement (as leisure activity or professionally) and mental health is still unclear, with earlier studies reporting contrasting findings. Here we tested whether musical engagement predicts (1) a diagnosis of depression, anxiety, schizophrenia, bipolar or stress-related disorders based on nationwide patient registers or (2) self-reported depressive, burnout and schizotypal symptoms in 10,776 Swedish twins. Information was available on the years individuals played an instrument, including their start and stop date if applicable, and their level of achievement. Survival analyses were used to test the effect of musical engagement on the incidence of psych..

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Awarded by Marcus and Amalia Wallenberg Foundation

Awarded by Bank of Sweden Tercentenary Foundation

Awarded by Swedish Research Council

Funding Acknowledgements

The present work was supported by the Marcus and Amalia Wallenberg Foundation (MAW 2018.0017), and the Bank of Sweden Tercentenary Foundation (M11-0451:1). We acknowledge The Swedish Twin Registry for access to data. The Swedish Twin Registry is managed by the Karolinska Institutet and receives funding through the Swedish Research Council under the grant no 2017-00641.