Journal article

Are increased fetal movements always reassuring?

Clare L Whitehead, Nicole Cohen, Gerard HA Visser, Dan Farine

JOURNAL OF MATERNAL-FETAL & NEONATAL MEDICINE | TAYLOR & FRANCIS LTD | Published : 2020

Abstract

Many studies have reported on the association of reduced fetal movements and stillbirth, but little is known about excessive fetal movements and adverse pregnancy outcome. First described in 1977, sudden excessive fetal movement was noted to reflect acute fetal distress and subsequent fetal demise. Subsequently, little was reported regarding this phenomenon until 2012. However, emerging data suggest that 10-30% of the women that subsequently suffer a stillbirth describe a single episode of excessive fetal movement prior to fetal demise. These episodes are poorly understood but may reflect fetal seizure activity secondary to fetal asphyxia, cord entanglement or an adverse intrauterine environ..

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