Journal article

Endosperm prevents toxic amounts of Zn from accumulating in the seed embryo - an adaptation to metalliferous sites in metal-tolerant Biscutella laevigata

Alicja Babst-Kostecka, Wojciech J Przybylowicz, Antony van der Ent, Chris Ryan, Charlotte C Dietrich, Jolanta Mesjasz-Przybylowicz



Seed germination represents the first crucial stage in the life cycle of a plant, and the seed must contain all necessary transition elements for the development and successful establishment of the seedling. Problematically, seed development and germination are often hampered by elevated metal(loid) concentrations in industrially polluted soils, making their revegetation a challenging task. Biscutella laevigata L. (Brassicaceae) is a rare perennial pseudometallophyte that can tolerate high concentrations of trace metal elements. Yet, the strategies of this and other plant species to ensure reproductive success at metalliferous sites are poorly understood. Here we characterized several parame..

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University of Melbourne Researchers


Awarded by European Union under the European Regional Development Fund

Awarded by South African National Foundation

Funding Acknowledgements

This research was undertaken on the X-Ray Fluorescence Microscopy (XFM) beamline at the Australian Synchrotron, part of ANSTO. We thank Martin de Jonge (ANSTO) and Hugh Harris (University of Adelaide) for support during the synchrotron experiment, Aneta Slomka (Jagiellonian University) for discussions on seed anatomy, and Kamila Murawska and Szymon Miszczak (Institute of Botany PAS) for technical support. This work was supported by the Multi-modal Australian ScienceS Imaging and Visualisation Environment (MASSIVE), the POW-ROTY/REINTEGRATION programme of the Foundation for Polish Science co-financed by the European Union under the European Regional Development Fund (POIR.04.04.00-00-1D79/16-00), and statutory funds from the W. Szafer Institute of Botany PAS. W. J. Przybylowicz and J. Mesjasz-Przybylowicz are recipients of the South African National Foundation incentive grants no. 114693 and 114694, respectively. The Tatra National Park granted permits to collect samples within the park boundaries.