Journal article

Global Retinoblastoma Presentation and Analysis by National Income Level

Ido Didi Fabian, Elhassan Abdallah, Shehu U Abdullahi, Rula A Abdulqader, Sahadatou Adamou Boubacar, Dupe S Ademola-Popoola, Adedayo Adio, Armin R Afshar, Priyanka Aggarwal, Ada E Aghaji, Alia Ahmad, Marliyanti NR Akib, Lamis Al Harby, Mouroge H Al Ani, Aygun Alakbarova, Silvia Alarcon Portabella, Safaa AF Al-Badri, Ana Patricia A Alcasabas, Saad A Al-Dahmash, Amanda Alejos Show all



Importance: Early diagnosis of retinoblastoma, the most common intraocular cancer, can save both a child's life and vision. However, anecdotal evidence suggests that many children across the world are diagnosed late. To our knowledge, the clinical presentation of retinoblastoma has never been assessed on a global scale. Objectives: To report the retinoblastoma stage at diagnosis in patients across the world during a single year, to investigate associations between clinical variables and national income level, and to investigate risk factors for advanced disease at diagnosis. Design, Setting, and Participants: A total of 278 retinoblastoma treatment centers were recruited from June 2017 throu..

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