Journal article

Prophylaxis of ferrets with nitazoxanide and oseltamivir combinations is more effective at reducing the impact of influenza a virus infection compared to oseltamivir monotherapy

Edin J Mifsud, Danielle Tilmanis, Ding Yuan Oh, Celeste Ming-Kay Tai, Jean-Francois Rossignol, Aeron C Hurt

ANTIVIRAL RESEARCH | ELSEVIER | Published : 2020

Abstract

Combination therapy is an alternative approach to reduce viral shedding and improve clinical outcomes following influenza virus infections. In this study we used oseltamivir (OST), a neuraminidase inhibitor and nitazoxanide (NTZ), a host directed drug, and found in vitro that the combination of these two antivirals have a synergistic relationship. Using the ferret model of (A/Perth/265/2009, (H1N1)pdm09), virus infections, we found that the combination of NTZ and OST was more effective than either NTZ or OST independently in preventing infection and reducing duration of viral shedding. However, these benefits were only seen if treatment was administered prophylactically, as opposed to therap..

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