Book Chapter

What contributes to a higher degree of voluntarism in China's rural displacement programmes? Poverty Alleviation Resettlement as a case study

Tao Xue, Mark Wang

Routledge International Handbook of Poverty | Routledge | Published : 2020


Though it has been an anti-poverty instrument in China since the 1980s, little scholarly attention has been paid to Poverty Alleviation Resettlement (PAR) as a subset of Development-induced Displacement and Resettlement (DIDR). The small number of studies raise questions about the rationale for PAR and the degree of voluntarism. This chapter aims to understand PAR’s voluntary nature in China by asking: (1) what is PAR and what are its characteristics? (2) How voluntary is it? (3) What factors contribute or hinder volition? To address these questions, the chapter delves into the practice of PAR between 2013 and 2015, drawing on 34 cases in the provinces of Shaanxi and Shanxi. The findings dem..

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Awarded by China National Social Science Foundation

Funding Acknowledgements

The authors would like to thank Professor Bent Greve, the anonymous reviewer for insightful feedback, and Dr Sarah Rogers for her critical inputs and language polishing. This project was partially funded by China National Social Science Foundation (Project ID #: 12BJL076).