Handgrip strength and muscle quality in Australian women: cross-sectional data from the Geelong Osteoporosis Study
Sophia X Sui, Kara L Holloway-Kew, Natalie K Hyde, Lana J Williams, Monica C Tembo, Mohammadreza Mohebbi, Marlene Gojanovic, Sarah Leach, Julie A Pasco
Journal of Cachexia, Sarcopenia and Muscle | Wiley Open Access | Published : 2020
BACKGROUND: Low handgrip strength (HGS) is a measure of poor skeletal muscle performance and a marker of ill health and frailty. Muscle quality (MQ) is a measure of muscle strength relative to muscle mass. We aimed to develop normative data for HGS and MQ, report age-related prevalence of low HGS and MQ, and determine the relationship with age, anthropometry, and body composition for women in Australia. METHODS: This cross-sectional analysis included data from 792 women (ages 28-95 years) assessed by the Geelong Osteoporosis Study. Duplicate measures of HGS were performed for each hand with a dynamometer (Jamar) and the mean of maximum values used for analyses. Dual energy X-ray absorptiomet..View full abstract
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Awarded by National Health and Medical Research Council (NHMRC) Australia
Awarded by NHMRC Career Development Fellowship
The Geelong Osteoporosis Study was funded by the National Health and Medical Research Council (NHMRC) Australia (projects 251638, 628582). SXS was supported by a Deakin Postgraduate Scholarship in conjunction with GMHBA. KLH-K was supported by an Alfred Deakin Postdoctoral Research Fellowship; NKH was supported by a Dean's Research Postdoctoral Fellowship (Deakin University) and LJW by an NHMRC Career Development Fellowship (1064272). MCT was supported by Deakin Postgraduate Scholarship. The funding organizations played no role in the design or conduct of the study, in the collection, management, analysis and interpretation of the data, nor in the preparation, review and approval of the manuscript.