The effect of fundoplication on the motility of the canine lower oesophageal sphincter.
MR Cox, SJ Franzi, CJ Martin
ANZ Journal of Surgery | Published : 2000
BACKGROUND: A canine model was used to define whether Nissen fundoplication inhibits gastro-oesophageal reflux by inhibiting transient lower oesophageal sphincter relaxations (TLOSR) or by creating a pressure barrier at the gastro-oesophageal junction. METHODS: Four surgical models were studied pre-operatively and postoperatively. These were: (i) the surgical mobilization required for fundoplication (sham fundoplication, n = 5); (ii) a standard fundoplication (n = 4); (iii) anterior and posterior myotomy of the lower oesophageal sphincter (LOS; cardiomyotomy, n = 4); and (iv) combined cardiomyotomy and fundoplication (n = 4). Each operative procedure was assessed for its effect on the incide..View full abstract